by Dr. Lucy Joan Slater

There are many variants of the Dalton Coat of Arms which have been used by various branches of the Dalton family. One of these you can see at the head of this newsletter. A Coat of Arms came into use in the days when men could not read but had to identify their leader when even his face was fully covered in armour. At first, it was a simple pattern put on his shield. As time went on, these patterns became more formalised and were recorded by men called Heralds to make sure that there was no mistake in the use of such shields. Imagine the chaos which could result in two leaders on different sides in the battle, using the same coat of arms!

The Heralds formalised these patterns, naming and recording the parts of the design and the colours used. Our Coat of Arms has two parts, a Shield and a Crest.

The earliest recorded Dalton shield was a blue painted shield with a silver lion standing on its hind legs with its claws out ready to attack you. This is described in the language of Heraldry as “A shield azure propre with a lion argent rampant guardant”. Such a shield was carried in the battle of Borroughbridge in 1322 by Sir Robert Dalton of Pickering Castle, Yorkshire and later at the battle of Crecy. (See DGSJ Vol. 5 p. 22 and Joseph Foster’s Feudal Coats of Arms, p. 62.)
The Crest was originally mounted on a helmet but here rests on an ermine cuff which is placed above the shield

In the reign of Henry VIII, (see The Ancestor, Vol. XI, No. 17) we find that “Dalton beareth as his crest, a dragon vert, langued geules or, gourged ermine”. This means a green dragon’s head, with open golden wings and a coller of ermine”. Legend has it that Sir Richard Dalton of Byspam, who was a Crusader in 1187, killed a Saracen in the Holy Land, and so he took the green griffin as his crest. Our griffin is sometimes called a dragon or a wyvern.

A man’s sons had to have shields which were similar to their father’s but with slight differences to show which son was carrying the shield. Thus the concept of differencing came into use. The main Dalton difference was gold crosslets on the shield, for the eldest son. This pattern is used on our Dalton Society shield, and shows that the man who founded the Lancashire branch of the Dalton family was probably the eldest son of Sir Robert of Pickering. Another difference was to have groups of three golden feathers in place of the crosslets. This form of the shield was used by the Irish branch of the family.

Our Society was granted the right to use this shield, by the Royal College of Arms (See DGSJ Vol. 1, p.5, & Vol. 5, p.20.) as our main aim in the first place was to study all descendants of the Lancashire branch of the family. (Lucy may be contacted by e-mail:

from Michael Cayley, DGS Archivist

Calendar of the State Papers relating to Ireland, James I, 1603-6, pub London 1872

1604 Catalogue of certain ecclesiastical livings in diocese of Meath:
- Rectory of Rathconert, valet per ann. 40l. sterling. Tybolt (Theobald), born there, incumbent, and resident there these 30 years. The chief of the Daltons, patron.
- The vicarage of Molingar, valebat ad 40l., nuch ad 20l. One Dalton, a reading minister, resident. Pettit, of Irishton, patron.

Petition by leading inhabitants of the English Pale protesting their loyalty, signed by among many others John Dalton of Westmeath, received in England 19 Dec 1605.

1606 List of Irish officers and pensioners in the service of Spain:
Gentlemen pensioners in the Spanish Army having no command include three Dalton brothers
- Redmond Dalton, 10 crowns per month
- Nicholas Dalton, 10 crowns per month
- Thomas Dalton, 10 crowns per month

Calendar of the State Papers relating to Ireland, James I, 1606-8, pub London 1874

1606-7 Crown lands and tithes now in lease from the King in Ireland include:
Co. Waterford - Rog. Dalton, the rectory of Dungarvan, Ringwonath Egglysee.

Calendar of State Papers relating to Ireland, James I, 1611-4, pub London 1877

Abstract of the Inquisitions taken AD 1611, concerning the present state of the lands undertaken in Munster includes:
The seigniory of Knockmoane granted to Sir Christopher Hatton, Knt; the King’s now tenant Roger Dalton Esq, whereof -
Demesnes, 500 acres. Fee farms, 600 acres. Lease, 3; 2500 acres. Small tenures, 17. Deatined the lands of Croshe and other parcel. Rent reserved, 60l. 7s. 9d. Rent abated 39l. 5s. 3d. Rent payable 21l. 2s. 6d.
Irish undertenants in this seigniory.
Mustered for this seigniory: horse, 8; foot, 26.

Calendar of the State Papers relating to Ireland, Charles I, 1625-32, pub HMSO 1900

1 July 1628, Serjeant’s Inn. Report of the Irish Commissioners on the case of Richard Osborne esq, of Cappagh, co Waterford, petitioner.
About nine years ago he lent to Roger Dalton, of Knockmone, in the same county, esq, £E600. For part of this debt he was secured by a mortgage of Knockmone Castle, but the rest was never secured before Dalton died. His wife subsequently admitted that the £639 were due to Osborne at the husband’s death in 1621. Since then he has had neither principal nor interest. We advise that orders be at once sent to the Lord Chancellor of Ireland, or to the Commissioners of the Court in his absence, ordering that the petitioner should get justice either through common law or the Chancery. He should have full justice, but we submit the case to your Lordships.

31 Dec 1629, Dublin Castle. The Lords Justices and Council of Lord Falkland, concerning Captain Patrick Barnwell.
“We have reason to think that when Colonel Dowda was ordered with a regiment to join the King of Sweden he formed the plan of taking the spoil of Londonderry, and then carrying off his regiment to join the King of Spain. We wish to examine Captain Patrick Barnwell, who is in England, on this matter…..”
Attached depositions include “Serjeant Gerald Dalton heard it commonly reported that his Colonel desired to rifle the town of Derry and go for Spain.”

Calendar of the State Papers relating to Ireland, Charles I, 1633-47, pub HMSO 1901

15 May 1647, Kilkenny. Nettervill, Brian and Dowdall to - . We had no quarters to pay for Sir James Dillon’s troop, and we induced to put them on the six weeks’ mean directed to be levied in Westmeath and King’s Co. We have directed James Dalton of Mullyinmeahan, Charles Molloy of Coolerane, and Bryan Geoghegan, gent, or any two of them, to muster his soldiers. On receiving the muster, you shall pay half of them a fortnight’s means.

Calendar of the State Papers relating to Ireland, Charles II, 1660-2, pub HMSO 1905

1660 Abstract of some forged recognizances and other deeds amongs the records of His Majesty’s Court of Common Pleas in Ireland, discovered and vacated by the said Court. Includes:
Under the name of Walter Whyte, of Pichardstown, Richard Dalton of Rowlandstown, Co. Westmeath, Walter and John Dardis of Johnstown and Richard and James Ledwick of Parcellstown - £3600.

1661 List of the inhabitants of Wexford who were captains at sea, owners and adventurers in the frigates employed in the King’s service in Brittany and Biscay since 1651. Includes Major James Dalton.

25 Aug 1662, Whitehall. The King to the Lord Lieutenant for Sir James Shaen. Sir James petitions asking that certain sums, about £700, which were in charge in our Exchequer of Ireland on 10 June 1660, against him and his partners (Sir Francis Willoughby, deceased, David Shorne, Francis Shaen, Robt. Meredith, Wm. Lestrange and Edmond Dalton) in respect of certain charges imposed by the late usurper, be remitted. These charges were remitted by the Act of Indemnity in England the benefit of which, by our letters of 7 February 1660-[1], we extended to him in Ireland….

Calendar of the State Papers of Ireland, Charles II, 1663-5, pub HMSO 1907

3 June 1663 List of claims in Ireland includes Mary Dalton, adjudged innocent

17 July 1663 The King to the Commissioners of Settlement for Captain Daniel O’Keife and others. Includes reference to possible claim by Oliver Dalton

Calendar of State Papers of Ireland, Charles II, 1669-70, with addenda 1625-70, pub HMSO 1910

14 Nov 1669, Dublin. Henry Whitehead to Joseph Williamson. ….. PS. I believe you forget me, only I remember you employed me to sue out your cousin Mungo D’Alton’s petition.

Part III of Irish Calendars will be printed in the January 2002 issue of "Daltons in History". Michael Cayley may be reached at:

from DGS member, Mike Dalton

The following is a listing of naturalized voters who provided proof of their citizenship to the San Francisco Court after the loss of Public records during the San Francisco Earthquake and Fire.

Cornelius Dalton, 405 Duncan, b. Ireland, nat. July 19, 1904, San Francisco, CA
Edward Eugene Dalton, 223 Sinotwell, b. Ireland, nat 1875, Springfield, MA
Gerald Joseph Dalton, 3185A 16th St., b. Ireland, nat. Jan 27, 1916, San Francisco, CA
James Dalton, 2417 Clay, b. Ireland, nat. August 8 1900, San Francisco
John Dalton, 2417 Clay, b. Ireland, nat. Feb. 24 1903, San Francisco, CA
John Dalton, 129 Dore, b. Ireland, nat April 20 1907, San Francisco, CA

John Joseph Dalton, 3261 21st St., b. Ireland, nat June 13, 1913, San Francisco, CA
John Joseph Dalton, 2580 3d St., b. Ireland, nat. March 19 1915, San Francisco. CA
Martin Joseph Dalton, 2059 Powell, b. Ireland, nat 1896, San Francisco, CA
Martin Joseph Dalton, 334 San Miguel, b. Ireland, nat June 1898, San Francisco, CA
Michael Dalton, 221 3d St., b. Ireland, nat October 19, 1896, Chicago, IL
Michael J. Dalton, 175 3d St., b. Canada, nat. March 3 1911, San Francisco, CA

Patrick Dalton, 402 San Jose Ave, b. Ireland, nat. June 18 1902, San Francisco, CA
Patrick Dalton, 402 San Jose Ave., b. Ireland, nat June 27 1915, San Francisco, CA
Thomas Dalton, 863 Texas, b. Ireland, nat Sept 18 1914, San Francisco
Thomas Francis Dalton, 642 Mississippi, b. Ireland, nat summer 1914, San Francisco, CA
Thomas Dalton, 410 Day St., b. Ireland, nat October 19 1896, Chicago, IL
Thomas S. Dalton, 387 California St., b. Ireland, nat Oct 19 1896, Chicago. IL

Source: Book of Election Returns: 1906 to 1923.

Our appreciation is extended to Mike Dalton who may be reached at e-mail address:

Holiday Greetings
The Dalton Genealogical Society in England and the branches in America and Australia send Holiday Greetings to all Daltons world-wide. Your American Secretary sends a special thank you to all who have helped to make 2001 a spectacular year for the Society. To all who have contributed items for the Journals, the monthly "Daltons in History" or have extracted data for the THE DALTON DATA BANK, we send our heartfelt appreciation.

To Liz and Mary Louise who manage the web sites we are deeply grateful. We are pleased to be serving such a large family of Daltons and with the help of our Archivist, Michael Cayley, service will only improve. Your membership support is needed for the projects that lie ahead.

May all Daltons everywhere have a wonderful Holiday Season and may 2002 be the year for the breakthroughs in your family research.

News from Croston
DGS member Derek Dalton of Parbold has been busy with a number of local projects. A Millenium issue for the village of Bispham - the home of our Daltons in Lancashire - has now gone to press.
Another project involved scanning old Croston Parish Newsletters and putting together a booklet on the evolution of the Parish and its parishioners. For particulars on either of these publications send an e-mail to Derek:

Derek, an antiquarian, came across volumes of old clippings that related to the people and events in Croston. He has donated the scrapbooks to the town museum that is now housed in the old parish school. In a future issue of "Daltons in History" we will print a history of Croston that has been submitted by Derek. The following poem was gleaned from the old church bulletins and written by a parishioner, Thomas Culshaw.

The Bells of Croston
The ancient village of Croston was the ancestral of many English and American Daltons

Croston bells are ringing gaily,
In their grey-stone tower above,
Sweetly as a streamlet falling
Or a poet’s song of love.
Over fields of bleaching stubble
Over wilting woods and leas,
They are ringing, they are singing,
They are ringing in the breeze.

When the flowers of spring are blooming,
When the summer rose is born,
Or in autumn, when the reaper
Piles the rustling sheaves of corn,
Or the snows of winter shimmer
On the housetops like a pall,
They are ringing, you can hear them,
In the quiet evenfall.

Many a mighty hand has withered,
Many an era passed away,
Since they raised that ancient structure,
Buttressed wall, and belfry grey,
And their sounding bells have echoed
Through the years of war and peace,
They have cheered the yeoman’s wedding,
They have tolled for his decease.

Long, from out their windy tower,
May the bells of Croston ring,
Long as Croston men can ring them,
Long as Choristers can sing;
Long as flows the winding Yarrow,
Or as English hearts are free,
Long as thrush or blackbird carol,
Gaily in the greenery

When the twilight shadows gather,
And the night begins to lower,
When the dews of death are falling
And life’s day is nearly o’er,
I shall hear them sweetly ringing,
Catch the music of their chime,
Phantom voices of my boyhood,
Down the misty aisles of time.

Editor's note: The Parish Church, St. Michael's and All Angels, at one time served not only Croston village but Bretherton, Ulnes Walton, Mawdesley, Bispham and other nearby villages. Thomas Culshaw was a farmer who lived in Mawdesley and attended Croston Church. No doubt while he was tilling his fields he could hear the the bells from across the moor.